How does H.V.M.N. Ketone Ester compare to other ketone esters, ketone salts, and MCT oil?

Updated 8 months ago by Taylor

H.V.M.N. Ketone Ester is the only pure BHB ketone ester on the market, meaning it delivers pure ketones with no salts, no fat–just ketones immediately available for your metabolism.

Read on to learn more about how H.V.M.N. Ketone Ester compares to Salts, MCTs, and more.

H.V.M.N. Ketone Ester (D-BHB Ketone Monoester)
  • Acutely raises D-Betahydroxybutyrate to high levels (up to 3-6 mmol/L) within 30 minutes.
  • H.V.M.N. Ketone Ester delivers D-BHB without salt or acid load.
  • H.V.M.N. Ketone Ester is considered FDA Generally Recognized As Safe (GRAS) for use as a food.
  • H.V.M.N. Ketone Ester is not prohibited for use in sport by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA).
  • With single doses of the D-BHB ester as a sports water, gastrointestinal (GI) side effects are rare. 
  • Published clinical evidence demonstrates efficacy for performance and/or recovery.
  • Distinct bitter taste.
Ketone Salts
  • Raises D-BHB up to ~1 mmol/L. 
  • Currently cheaper to produce than ketone esters. 
  • Many ketone salts contain an unnatural form of BHB (L-BHB), which can't be easily metabolized in the body. 
  • In order to raise blood BHB concentrations you have to consume a significant load of salt (sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium) far in excess of the RDA of these substances. 
  • Moderate to high risk of GI symptoms at manufacturer's suggested doses.
  • Not FDA GRAS, therefore sold as a supplement rather than a food.
Medium Chain Triglycerides (MCT's)
  • Raises D-BHB blood levels up to ~0.5 mmol/L
  • Currently cheaper to produce than ketone esters. 
  • High amount of calories as fat, some of which your body converts to ketones.
  • The most ketogenic fat. Converts to ketones more rapidly than other fats, due to its "medium chain" chemical structure.
  • Some people report GI symptoms, especially if not used to medium chain triglyceride consumption.
Acetoacetate (AcAc) Diester
  • Mildly raises D-BHB to moderate levels (~1 mmol/L).
  • In current formulation, some report GI symptoms.
  • No improvement in performance (may be related to GI symptoms).

See this journal article comparing ketone esters to ketone salts, authored by former H.V.M.N. Research Lead, Dr. Brianna Stubbs:

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